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Understanding the History of the Bible

The Bible has a very colorful history which brought about many of its translations. The Christian Bible is one of the firsts of its kind and still remains popular today. The Bible is also known for being translated into many languages.

Because the Bible dates back into ancient times, it’s oldest contents were first passed on through oral tradition. The belief that these parts were given to Moses by God on his trip to Mount Sinai is still present in the hearts of many Christians and believers today. Faith is still the main component of the Bible’s origin. It wasn’t until a few centuries later that the Jews wrote down the scriptures.

The Old Testament first existed as a written text in three languages. The Hebrew language and the Aramaic language are two of the three languages. Hebrew has remained the main language of the Jewish people for a very long time.
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The Middle East is home to the Aramaic language. In those times, Arabic wasn’t used as widely as it is being used today. Because during Jesus’ time, Aramaic was the common tongue, it is believed that he used this language as well.
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The New Testament, on the other hand, was written in the common Greek tongue. The Koine Greek language is what was used in these texts. The spread of Alexander the Great’s empire gave rise to the usage of this language. It evolved from classical Greek. Because Koine Greek was popular during the time of Jesus, it is also believed that this was Jesus’ second language.

We can attribute the current New Testament to Athanasius, the Bishop of Alexandria for writing it some three hundred years after Jesus’ death. The present number and order of the New Testament was first written by Pope Damasus I in a letter. The Catholic Bible is what it is today because of the Council of Carthage which made it canon. The Catholic Bible is made up of the same 46 books present in the original collection of Old Testament books used before present era.

The Catholic Bible has seven more books in the Old Testament compared to the Christian Bible.

The Fourth Council of Carthage kept the Canons as is. The Council of Trent is the longest lasting council in recorded Church history. It reaffirmed the full list of books as accepted by convention.

When the movable type printing press was invented, the Bible was the first book ever published. The commission made by King James of England to translate the Bible is now known as the King James Version (KJV).

The King James Version used Old English which was difficult to understand as English changed as a language. This led to the birth of The New King James Version. Because of the time needed to translate, the Bible was gradually released part by part.

The next translation of the Bible is the New American Standard Bible. The NASB corrected some errata using contemporary English. This aimed to make the text used as close to the original Greek and Hebrew texts as possible. An update after twenty years of circulation of the NASB happened in 1995.

The need for easier Bible reading was addressed by he New International Version (NIV). The NIV was made up by a very strong team of more than a hundred scholars. It took them ten years to come up with the NIV translation. It took a decade to prepare the NIV translation. The NIV is one of the more widely used translations.

The International Children’s Bible and the New Century Bible are mainly for younger readers.

There is a very rich history surrounding the Bible and it is important to Christianity.